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A comprehensive program for safe deacidification, cleansing and slimming the body.
15 years ago, Otto Horak, PhD in medical sciences, developed a simple method based on the physiological reactions of our body, using the two most important factors in the prevention:
1. remove from the body what is harmful to it (cleansing the human body of toxic substances)
2. introducing into the body what it needs (nutrition - providing substances that it needs for proper functioning).
To run a fully correct OWN Health Improvement Program you need: willingness and knowledge of a few simple recommendations and a set of appropriate products.
Each person who implements the program will achieve:
- adequate hydration of the body
- cleansing the body of toxic substances
- establishing the acid-base balance (deacidification)
- body weight normalization
- feeding the body with substances necessary for proper functioning
About 400,000 people have already benefited from Dr. Otto Horak's Health Prophylaxis program and the number is constantly growing. The treatment is conducted by certified consultants and is highly effective. Almost 95% of people who have benefited from Dr. Horak's treatment confirm the improvement of their general health.
The basic mechanism of the treatment is deacidification, cleansing and nourishment at the tissue and cellular level.
An additional effect is the return to the optimal body weight, depending on the need, weight loss or, in the case of underweight, weight gain.
During the treatment, the body rebuilds muscle mass by itself, burns unnecessary fats and thus restores the optimal body weight. The treatment itself only creates the right conditions for our "inner doctor" to do what he is supposed to do. At the same time, no onerous diets are used, and even less counting or limiting calories.
A positive change in body weight occurs "from the inside", thanks to which the "yo-yo" effect does not occur, and it happens, of course, without draconian exercises in the gym.
We talk about "weight loss" with this treatment more and more often, and this is because nearly 60% of the British population is more or less overweight, which is due to stress, a sedentary lifestyle and other elements of civilization that help us on the one hand, and on the other hand harm.
In addition, almost everyone has a body contaminated with toxic substances based on acids and what seems absurd at first glance, malnourished with substances necessary for the proper functioning of the body. At this point I want to mention that the Health Prevention Program creates ideal conditions for "burning" internal fat, the so-called visceral or abdominal. Internal fat overgrowth is extremely dangerous. It is the proverbial highway to heart attack, stroke, diabetes and cancer.
How is Dr. Otto Horak's treatment going?
It is best to meet and have a short half-hour conversation during which you will be introduced to the details of the treatment and its course. You will learn how to apply this program. Additionally, a measurement will be performed on a certified body composition analyser. From the measurement you will find out what your body "looks like" from the inside. The program is intended not only for obese and overweight people, but also for people who are underweight or overweight.
We would like to point out that this program is not just another diet, but a comprehensive health improvement program with a simultaneous body weight normalization effect.
We cordially invite you to take part in this program. HELP YOURSELF!.
Please contact us
How does acidification occur? What are the symptoms? How can this be prevented? Excess of acids and rheumatism.
Our body is a chemical laboratory that constantly works to maintain the balance of chemical changes. Even slight deviations from the norm have drastic and fatal consequences for the body. Our eating habits and lifestyle, however, cause constant acidification, which eventually drains our reserves and exhausts our buffer systems. The excess acid cannot be neutralized and is stored in the soft tissues and joints, especially the toes, elbows, hands, and knees, causing inflammation and pain.
By eating and drinking, we provide the body with minerals necessary to maintain the acid-base balance, which is one of the basic conditions for the proper functioning of the body.
If we consume too much acid-forming products, which include e.g. animal proteins, carbohydrates (e.g. sugar, flour, bright rice, pasta), fat, coffee, black tea, alcohol and nicotine, the body may build up excess acid waste. The acid level in the blood can also increase because of stress, rush, slimming treatments, excess medications, lack of exercise or too much physical activity.
Acids cause tissue aging, wrinkles, pain and swelling as the body retains water to dilute them and prevent damage. Cancer cells grow rapidly in an acidic environment, while healthy cells die.
If you are acidic, the body communicates this clearly. One of the first signs is dark circles under your eyes. Headaches, indigestion, pimples and pimples, frequent colds, dizziness, nausea, spots in front of the eyes, bitterness or acid in the mouth, covered tongue, flushing, physical weakness are just some of the most common symptoms of excessive acidity.
When acidified, the body loses a lot of energy to maintain the correct blood pH with difficulty; this energy could be used, for example, to lose weight.
Long-term acidification promotes the development of serious diseases such as: hypertension, atherosclerosis, diabetes, osteoporosis, cancer, degenerative changes in the joints, overweight, and can also cause many ailments: general fatigue, lack of concentration, sleep disorders, nervous tension, depression, frequent infections, constipation, brittle nails and hair loss.
Symptoms of acidification
Acidification is involved in almost all chronic diseases - either by triggering symptoms or by damaging cells.
Below, we only list the main diseases caused by excess acids in the body.
1. The digestive tract
Acute or chronic inflammation of the gastric mucosa, intestinal mycosis, constipation, digestive problems, a feeling of fullness, gas, gall bladder disorders.
2. Muscles - joints
Gout (uric acid), muscle pain (lactic acid), damage to the intervertebral discs, acute and chronic back pain, osteoporosis, arthritis, rheumatism.
3. Skin - hair - teeth
Hair loss, brittle nails, tooth decay, periodontitis, dry skin, neurodermatitis, fungal infections, acne in teenagers and adults, skin problems, cellulitis.
4. Metabolic system
Overweight, hunger pangs, sudden craving for sweets, diabetes, kidney stones, high cholesterol.
5. Cardiovascular system
Hypertension, premature calcification, diseases of blood vessels, abnormal blood supply to the arms and legs, dizziness, migraines, heart attack.
6. The whole body
Chronic aches and pains, depression, decreased body efficiency, general malaise, inability to cope with stress, decreased sex drive, overtraining in athletes, fast fatigue.
Acid-base imbalance is also the cause of the weakening of the body's immune barrier.
How does acidification occur?
Chemical and biological reactions in our body mainly take place in the aquatic environment. The water contains dissolved nutrients and electrolytes, the basic building blocks of metabolism. The intercellular and intracellular fluids in the body ensure a well-defined dynamic balance between acids and bases. This is a prerequisite for the proper functioning of organs.
In aqueous solutions, acids release H + ions. The more H + ions are released, the stronger the acid is. This is determined by the so-called pH value, which is lower the stronger the acid.
The correct pH values ​​for some body fluids are shown below.
Body fluid - pH value
Gastric juice - 2.5
Urine - 6.2
Vaginal discharge - 4.0 to 4.7
Blood - 7.4
Gall bladder - 7.5 to 8.8
Pancreatic juice - 7.5 to 8.8
Even slight deviations from the norm cause serious disturbances in metabolic processes. Regulation of acid-base balance is secured by the internal mechanisms of the organism, which is ensured by the buffer systems of blood and tissues
The lungs and kidneys actively eliminate the end products of metabolism from the body, and the blood buffer systems neutralize the acid products of this metabolism. The proper functioning of these mechanisms is strictly dependent on the normal function of the kidneys and lungs, as well as on the availability of alkaline minerals in food. The source of these ingredients can be fruits, vegetables, sprouts, nuts, grains. A balanced diet should be 80 percent alkaline and only 20 percent acidic.
Listing the causes of acidification of the organism, we will ignore biochemical factors, but we will focus on those that can be attributed to our lifestyle.
Accumulation of acids can occur as a result of:
Overweight and lack of exercise.
Eating too much animal protein, carbohydrates, fat and sugar.
Insufficient number of alkalizing products in the diet (e.g. fruit, vegetables).
Addiction to alcohol, nicotine, caffeine.
Excessive intestinal fermentation caused by improper diet.
The use of slimming treatments.
Taking too little fluid.
Stress and the fast pace of life.
Side effects of certain medications.
Excessive exertion or inappropriate physical training.
Cell damage caused by oxygen deficiency.
Disturbances in acid secretion processes.
Poisoning (e.g. with heavy metals).
Infectious diseases with fever.
Impaired kidney function.
Metabolic diseases such as diabetes and many others.
One factor from the incomplete list above is enough to shift the acid-base balance towards acids.
There is no organ, functional unit, or individual cells in our body that cannot be damaged or even completely destroyed by excess acids.
Our lifestyle and eating habits, however, cause constant acidification of the body, which eventually leads to the use of reserves and the exhaustion of buffer systems. If acidification exceeds the buffering capacity of the system, the excess acid cannot be neutralized and is stored in the soft tissues and joints in the form of painful deposits consisting mainly of acid precipitated salts. They are a sign of chronic changes and the cause of many patient complaints.
The best examples of local acid accumulation are:
Muscle aches - a build-up of lactic acid in overloaded muscles
Gout - the local accumulation of uric acid and its crystals in the joints
Acidity and heartburn - excess stomach acids, causing inflammation of the gastric mucosa
How can acidification of the body be diagnosed?
The condition of connective tissues is especially important for the assessment of the acidification level of the organism. For example, palpation of connective tissue at the level of the sacrum (tissue hardness) can determine the acidity of the organism. Other symptoms are the colour and condition of the skin and the colour of the tongue.
Measurement of the pH value of body fluids does not reflect the actual acid-base state of the entire human body. It only shows us the state that is now in the fluid.
Typical symptoms that suggest acidification of the body are:
Big belly
Abundant adipose tissue
Barrel shape of the body
Thin legs
A stiff spine
Rigid body dynamics
Slack and flabby skin
Puffy eyes
Chronic pain
How can this be prevented?
If, with the help of a specialist or our own diagnosis, we have found an excessive accumulation of acids in the body, several important rules should be followed to repair the damage and prevent further damage. Make sure you drink enough fluids.
Depending on the person's height and weight, it is necessary to drink an average of 2.5 to 4 litters of pure, high-quality water. Urine should be almost clear at least once a day.
Change your diet.
You should eat as little pork as possible, truly little fat, little sugar. Adherence to regular mealtimes is required. Food should be chewed carefully in the mouth. Do not eat fruit in the evening before going to bed.
Avoid sodium (table salt). Excess salt contributes to the development of arterial hypertension, damages the gastric mucosa, and increases the risk of stroke. We consume too much of it, even 13 times more than is needed. Prepared, highly processed foods, canned food, meats, sauces, and powdered soups contain tightly a lot of "hidden salt".
Avoid excessive consumption of alcohol, nicotine, and caffeine.
Take a lot of moderate-stress exercise
Avoid overload!! Better to go for a long walk than for a short run. Moderate exercise and fresh air provide oxygen to the lungs and increase the efficiency of the blood buffer system.
Reduce your stress.
Experience shows that the most important step in treating a disease is to remove its cause. Many treatments fail because they do not consider the need to neutralize excess acids. With existing diseases, a change in nutrition alone is not enough to neutralize the acidification of the tissue. Additionally, you should regularly take alkaline substances in the form of dietary supplements.
Excess of acids and rheumatism
Acid excess is involved in virtually all chronic diseases, either triggering symptoms or being the result of cell damage.
It plays a particularly important role in all rheumatoid diseases. The acids deposited in connective tissue, regardless of other factors, damage bones and joint cartilage
Most metabolic diseases of bones, joints and discopathy originate from acidification!
Deposits of salts of various acids are especially pronounced in the muscles of the upper back and neck, and around the sacrum. You can easily feel the 'lumps' there.
As a result of an improper diet (usually after heavy food and drink), many people immediately experience lower back or joint discomfort. Often, the combination of overweight, excess acids and joint diseases creates a disease entity that is a huge burden for the body.
The most drastic example is an acute gout attack in which uric acid builds up, most often in the joints of the big toe. The acid causes acute inflammation. Everyone with gout is given pain relief medications. However, the excess acid, which is the real cause of the disease, is not neutralized, however.
It takes time to eliminate plaque build-up in the body. In such cases, deacidification must be carried out for an exceptionally long time. The success of the therapy is visible when the patient needs less and less anti-rheumatic drugs.
It is also recommended to follow a low-sodium and low-protein diet
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The idea that “being too acid” contributes to disease susceptibility, especially cancer, has been around for a long time in the natural/integrative medicine world. This concept was easily discounted by conventional medicine as measuring blood pH on various types of diets showed no change.

Up until about 10 years ago, no research existed to counter this skepticism. However, since then, a growing body of research has documented not only that “acidosis” is a real phenomenon, but that it is now known to contribute to a wide range of diseases, such as metabolic syndrome, cancer, osteoporosis, kidney stones, and increased susceptibility to environmental toxins—and new research is adding to the list. In this editorial, I will review the biochemistry the various food components, soft drinks, prescription drugs, and metabolic dysfunctions affect the acid/base balance of cells. In addition, I will address how to determine body acid load and strategies using natural health products and diet to restore normal cellular function and reverse several diseases.

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Acidosis Defined

We are talking here about acidosis as a process or a trend toward acidemia, not acidemia, which is an actual change in blood pH. Acidemia is defined as a blood pH of less than 7.35. This is very unlikely to occur, as the body has multiple mechanisms for ensuring a very stable blood pH. Acidosis only becomes acidemia when compensatory measures become overwhelmed. This typically only happens in “advanced disease” like kidney and lung failure. In many ways, we can consider acidosis as the constant pressure on the body’s physiology to compensate for all the acid-inducing challenges. Equally important, although the blood pH does not change, the pH in the cells and intracellular space becomes more acidic, causing disruption of enzyme function, loss of insulin sensitivity, and cellular metabolic adaptations.

There are 3 terms used in the research to measure acid load in the body. Although technically somewhat different from a research perspective, I will use them interchangeably here as clinically they are essentially the same1:

  1. Net Endogenous Acid Production (NEAP)

    1. NEAP represents the amount of net acid produced by the metabolic system every day; a combination of cellular metabolism and exogenous acid and base loads from the diet.

    2. It can be calculated (and most often is) based on dietary constituents (estimated) or measured directly using diet/stool/urine samples.

  2. Net Acid Excretion (NEA)

    1. NEA, the net acid excretion by the kidneys, often very close in value to NEAP and usually considered equivalent.

    2. Can be measured directly and includes urinary excretion of ammonium, titratable acids, and bicarbonate.

  3. Potential Renal Acid Load (PRAL)

    1. Calculated estimate of NEAP, based on protein and mineral intake of diet, but also dependent on body surface area.

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Causes of Acidosis

The body is subjected to excess acid pressure primarily in 3 ways: diet/beverages, drugs, and disrupted metabolism.

Diet-induced Acidosis

When talking about diet-induced acidosis, please be clear we are not talking about the pH of the food or beverages consumed. Rather, this is about the acid/base changes induced by the food constituents. The preagricultural diets we evolved on are estimated to be base-producing, with a mean NEAP of negative 88 mEq/d. In contrast, according to NHANES III, the average diet in the United States is acid-producing, with an NEAP of positive 48 mEq/d.2 This is the equivalent of 4.9 g HCl being added to our metabolism every day. Although, as discussed below, the kidneys and lungs get rid of almost—but not all—of this excessive acidity, when these systems start to fail, calcium from bone is used instead as the buffer. The mineral content from 3 g of bone is needed to neutralize 1 g of acid. As I will show below, this excessive acidity turns out to be a seriously underrecognized cause of osteoporosis. The obvious question, then, is: What constituents of diet cause acidity, versus those that increase alkalinity? The answer is surprising.

The primary sources of acidity in the diet are sulfur-containing amino acids, salt, and phosphoric acid in soft drinks (For a more complete discussion of the adverse effects of phosphates, see Lara Pizzorno’s article in IMCJ 13.6).3 You will likely immediately scoff that salt is neutral in pH and is not metabolized to anything that is acid—and you would be right. Nonetheless, research has clearly shown that—happily reversibly—NaCl accounts for 50% of the net acidity of the average American diet.4 The mechanism is not definitively known, it is currently thought to be impairment of the kidney’s ability to excrete acid compounds. Figure 1 shows the sources of salt in the typical Western diet. If you look closely, you will see that wheat products are the primary source of salt—which may account for the common belief that wheat products are acid forming (wheat itself is only slightly acid forming).

Drug-induced Acidosis

Many commonly prescribed drugs induce acidity in the body through a variety of mechanisms.5 Most important are:

Impaired Renal H+ Excretion

NSAIDs; β-blockers; ACE inhibitors and angiotensin II type 1 receptor antagonists; K+-sparing diuretics, such as amiloride and triamterene; antibacterials, such as trimethoprim (commonly administered in combination with sulfamethoxazole as cotrimoxazole); and many more.

Lactic Acidosis

Biguanides, such as metformin; antiretrovirals; statins; and several others.

Metabolic-induced Acidosis

Several diseases disrupt metabolism in ways that cause excessive acidity (or is it the other way around or a vicious cycle). Most important are renal disease, diabetes, diarrhea, pancreatic drainage, biliary fistula, Sjogren’s syndrome, systemic lupus erythematosus, urinary tract obstruction, fever, aldosterone deficiency, and androgen deficiency.6 Interesting, acidosis causes insulin resistance and insulin resistance increases metabolic acidity—another vicious cycle.7

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Metabolic Adaptation to Excessive Acid Load

The primary ways the body deals with excessive acidity are through renal adaptations, respiration, and buffering with calcium from bone.

Renal Adaptation

The renal adaptations are extensive:

  1. Increased urinary excretion of sulfate, phosphate, urate, and chloride;

  2. Increased urinary excretion of calcium;

  3. Decreased urinary excretion of citrate;

  4. Increased urinary excretion of ammonium ions; and

  5. Kidney vasodilatation and increased glomerular filtration rate.

Be clear that the kidneys mitigate but do not eliminate all the excess acidity. After considering all the unnecessary work put on the kidneys to deal with this excess acidity, it occurred to me that perhaps this is a key cause for the loss of kidney function seen with aging. As the kidneys lose function with aging, their ability to excrete acid becomes impaired, which may be another explanation for the loss of bone with aging.8

Bone for Acid Buffering

The major reservoir of base is the skeleton (in the form of alkaline salts of calcium), which provides the buffer needed to maintain blood pH and plasma bicarbonate concentrations when renal and respiratory adaptations are inadequate. Acid-promoting diets are associated with increased urinary excretion of both calcium and bone matrix protein and decreased bone density.9 Neutralizing acid intake with diet or alkalinizing supplements decreases urine Ca and bone matrix protein excretion. Also, to a much smaller degree, skeletal muscle can act as a buffer.

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Clinical Effects of Acidosis

A considerable amount of research is now showing a strong, causal relationship between acidosis and several common diseases. The most important are osteoporosis and kidney stones, but growing research is adding cancer, muscle wasting, metabolic syndrome, impaired glutathione synthesis, and others.


Dietary acidosis increases bone loss, osteoporosis, and fractures. Both pre- and postmenopausal women and older men eating an acid-forming diet have lower density in the spine and hip bones.10 Making the extracellular environment of the bones more acidic results in activation of osteoclasts and inhibition of osteoblasts causing a net loss of calcium from the bone.11 Surprisingly, a tiny extracellular pH reduction of 0.1 is sufficient to cause a doubling of calcium resorption from the bone.

Kidney Stones

Recent research has now shown that dietary acid load is the best predictor of both calcium oxalate and, surprisingly, urate stones.12 The key here are 3 factors in the renal adaptation to the excessive acidity: increased secretion of calcium (making the urine over saturated), decreased secretion of citrate (which solublizes calcium oxalate in the urine), and increased excretion of uric acid (this oversaturates the urine which has little capacity to solubilize uric acid)—all of these lead to precipitation and kidney stones.


Although diet-induced acidosis may indeed increase risk of cancer, at this time there is no clinical research. Cell and animal studies have shown that lowering pH levels in the extracellular space promotes the invasive and metastatic potential of cancer cells.13 May be important, we just don’t know yet.

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Assessment of Acid Load

Unfortunately, the traditional use of first morning urine for measuring body acidity is not valid. There are 2 reasons: (1) The pH paper typically used has very poor reproducibility, and (2) First morning urine does not correlate with standard measures such as NEAP.14,15 Fortunately, body acidity can be easily measured, with 24-hour urine, using a good-quality pH meter.

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A growing body of research has now clearly documented clinical benefit through diet and alkalinizing supplements. A diet rich in fruits and vegetables and low in animal protein and sodium chloride reduces acid load and is consistently associated with greater bone density.16 Alkalinization through supplementation with potassium and magnesium citrates decreases urinary excretion of calcium, increases bone density, and decreases fracture.17 This is especially interesting, as this reversal of osteoporosis is accomplished without increasing either vitamin D or calcium!18

Equally important is the research on prevention and treatment of kidney stones. Prospective studies have now shown that supplementation with potassium and magnesium citrates prevents recurrence of calcium oxalate stones by a remarkable 85%.19 More exciting, however, is research showing dissolution of kidney stones. One study found that 5 of 8 patients completely dissolved their stones after 6 months supplementation with potassium citrate/bicarbonate.20

Other areas are showing benefit from alkalinization such as strength training, aerobic exercise, and pain reduction.21,22,23

Contraindications to Alkalinizing Supplements

Although nutritional supplement intervention is typically safe, there are some contraindications that must be considered:

  1. In congestive heart failure, sodium bicarbonate impairs arterial oxygenation and reduces systemic and myocardial oxygen consumption in these patients, which may lead to transient myocardial ischemia (although sodium bicarbonate is a very inexpensive alkalizing agent, I strongly recommend against as the sodium prevents most of the benefit).

  2. In chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, bicarbonate loading may worsen exercise response (again, this is sodium bicarbonate, other alkalinizing agents may be fine).

  3. Patients with kidney failure may develop elevated blood K levels and potentially fatal cardiac arrhythmias if given K alkali salts, or volume overload and breathing problems if given Na alkali salts.

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Looking at the research on acidosis has been fascinating. I find it so encouraging when, yet again, an old-time concept is validated with modern research. No, they did not get it all right, as most have been using first morning urine to inaccurately assess body acid load and many use the much-less-effective sodium bicarbonate for alkalinization. Nonetheless, the concept of excessive acidity damaging health and increasing disease risk is sound, and I think we are seeing only the tip of the iceberg.

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In this Issue

We continue featuring a keynote speaker of an upcoming conference of integrative medicine organizations we support. This interview of Jeffrey Bland, phd, and Patrick Hanaway, md, adds to my excitement for the next Institute for Functional Medicine symposium, “The Omics Revolution: Nature and Nurture.” The evolving research on how dramatically gene expression is modified by diet, environment, lifestyle, etc, is fundamentally revolutionizing how we think about health and disease.

I now serve on the science boards of 2 foundations that fund integrative medicine cancer research. In the 15 years I have been reviewing cancer research proposals, the most exciting has been the work of Gerald Krystal, phd. His innovative study of the effects of protein and carbohydrates on cancer is fascinating and the results with animal cancers phenomenal. I am very excited he agreed to be interviewed by IMCJ and hope his research soon advances to human clinical trials.

Whenever a submission comes to me and its title starts with “Integrative Treatment…” I immediately move it to the front of the line. Everyone who has practiced for several years realizes that few diseases have a single cause. Thus, curative medicine requires considering everything that went into the patient getting to their complex clinical situation. Childhood obesity is a very good example of this complexity. Jennifer A. Boisvert, phd, and W. Andrew Harrell, phd, provide us excellent guidance for helping children with this huge challenge for restoring their health. I especially appreciate how comprehensively they cover the social, environmental, psychological, and medical aspects that must be considered.

In final article of the 2-part series, Matthew J. Bull, bsc, phd; and Nigel T. Plummer, phd, continue to develop their important thesis of the huge impact of the human gut microbiome on health. I have a clinical anecdote that so validates this concept: I saw a young woman who had been suffering from inflammatory bowel disease and came to see me because her symptoms were not well controlled, and she was starting to experience significant adverse drug reactions. History revealed that her irritable bowel syndrome started about a year after taking daily broad spectrum antibiotics for her acne. Of course, her family doctor had not made the connection. In addition to eliminating allergic foods, we had her get a fecal transplant from her healthy father. Within a few weeks, her symptoms were substantially decreased, and within 3 months, she no longer needed any of the drugs. Her final comment to me, “My farts now smell like my dad’s!” says it all.

I was so sad to hear of Hal Huggins’s dds passing and pleased we are able to publish his obituary. He was truly a pioneer in integrative medicine, courageously raising the alarm about the dangers of mercury fillings. As a pioneer, he was aggressively persecuted by the vested interests he challenged so effectively. I still vividly remember our televised debate with Victor Herbert, md, jd, some 20 years ago. It was contentious; Herbert was constantly insulting, and Huggins kept his cool and effectively made his important points. (For those who are wondering, I ended up as the moderate between their two extremes.)

We are trying something new this issue: publication of poster abstracts from a conference, in this case the 15th Annual Science and Clinical Application of Integrative Holistic Medicine at Scripps. We prioritized those with clinical relevance. Would very much appreciate your letting us know whether these are useful to you, dear reader.

I fully realize that “Proper Calcium Use: Vitamin K2 as a Promoter of Bone and Cardiovascular Health” by Katarzyna Maresz, phd, is the third time we have addressed the important topic. No apology, as this is an extremely important topic and the research continues to evolve. I still find surprising that diet rarely provides adequate vitamin K2. Makes me think this is likely due to the gut flora changes of Western diets that make endogenous conversion of K1 to K2 much less than the gut flora we evolved with.

As John Weeks so clearly presents, the last election resulted in a lot of turnover in senate committee chairs. Although most seem to think only liberals are interested in integrative medicine, many on the conservative side support us as well—though it seems unlikely we will ever again have such a strong and effective friend as Senator Tom Harkin (D-Iowa), who retired in 2014. Nonetheless, the message is clear—we need to commit to educating the new Senate leadership. Good medicine knows no political boundaries.

Bill Benda, md, in BackTalk continues his always insightful commentary/satire. His comments about the ridiculous fear mongering around Ebola reflect my concerns as well. I watched in amazement as the media on both sides of the political spectrum somehow found, in virtually every comment by politicians on Ebola, ammunition of some sort to show why they were—incompetent, out-of-touch, un-American, etc. Very unfortunate that fear appears to be such a strong attention grabber and motivator of behavior. Bill is right, we need leadership and vision, not fear mongering.

Joseph Pizzorno, nd, Editor in Chief


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